Illinois Safety Belt Laws


Safety Belt Law

Drivers and Passengers

  • Each driver and passenger shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened seat safety belt.

  • Fine: $25 (fine does not include court costs)

    Download a full copy of the Illinois Safety Belt Law

    Child Passenger Protection Act

    Transporting a child under 8 years

  • Any person transporting a child < 8 years in a non-commercial vehicle of the first division, any truck or truck tractor equipped with seat safety belts, a motor vehicle of the second division with a GVWR of 9,000 lbs. or less, or a RV shall properly secure him or her in an appropriate child restraint system.

  • The parent or legal guardian of a child under 8 years shall provide a child restraint to any person who transports his or her child.

  • A child weighing more than 40 pounds may be transported in the back seat while wearing only a lap belt if the back seat is not equipped with a lap and shoulder belt.


    Fine: $75 for the first offense, $200 for the second offense.

    Download a full copy of the Illinois Child Passenger Protection Act



    Graduated Driver Licensing Law

    Permit Phase – Drivers Age 15

  • Parent/guardian consent required to obtain an instruction permit.

  • Must be enrolled in an approved driver education course, and must pass vision and written exams.

  • A nighttime driving restriction is in place Sunday-Thursday, 10 p.m-6 a.m., and Friday-Saturday, 11 p.m.-6 a.m. (local curfews may differ from the nighttime driving restriction).

  • Permit must be held for a minimum of nine months.

  • Must practice driving a minimum of 50 hours, including 10 hours of nighttime driving, supervised by a parent or adult age 21 or older with a valid driver's license.

  • Must not acquire any driving convictions during the nine-month permit phase.

  • Number of passengers limited to one in the front seat and the number of safety belts in the back seat.

  • All occupants under age 19 must wear safety belts.

  • Cell phone use while driving is prohibited except in the case of an emergency to contact a law enforcement agency, health care provider or emergency services agency.

  • Permit is valid for up to two years.


    Initial Licensing Phase – Drivers Ages 16-17

  • Parent/guardian must certify that a minimum of 50 hours of practice driving, including 10 hours of nighttime driving, has been completed.

  • Parent/guardian must accompany teen to provide written consent to obtain a driver's license, OR complete and notarize an Affidavit/Consent for Minor to Drive form.

  • Must have completed a state-approved driver education course.

  • A nighttime driving restriction is in place Sunday-Thursday, 10 p.m-6 a.m., and Friday-Saturday, 11 p.m.-6 a.m. (local curfews may differ from the nighttime driving restriction).

  • Must maintain a conviction-free driving record for six months prior to turning age 18 before moving to the Full Licensing Phase. A traffic conviction during the initial licensing phase may extend restrictions beyond age 18.

  • All occupants under age 19 must wear safety belts.

  • For the first year of licensing, or until the driver is age 18, whichever occurs first, the number of passengers is limited to one person under age 20, unless the additional passenger(s) is a sibling, step-sibling, child, or step-child of the driver. After this period, the number of passengers is limited to one in the front seat and the number of safety belts in the back seat.

  • Cell phone use while driving is prohibited except in the case of an emergency to contact a law enforcement agency, health care provider or emergency services agency.



    Full Licensing Phase – Drivers Ages 18-20

  • No age-related restrictions apply except in cases where a driver fails to move from the Initial Licensing Phase to the Full Licensing Phase.

  • Cell phone use while driving is prohibited except in the case of an emergency to contact a law enforcement agency, health care provider or emergency services agency.


    Modified from the Illinois Secretary of State’s website. For more information on the Illinois Graduated Driver Licensing law, please visit www.cyberdriveillinois.com.